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A Congregationalist believes, first and foremost, in the personal relationship that God has with each individual. Congregationalists are called “the Lord's free people" as they are not bound by creed or doctrine, nor compelled to attend a particular church, but can form their own beliefs and seek a Christian community with which they feel comfortable.

For this reason, Congregationalism accommodates a great variety of individual beliefs. There is also a diversity of approaches among congregational churches.

Congregationalists value the individual acceptance of responsibility for one's actions and a personal commitment to walking in a Christian path. They respect the right of individual privacy. for people to form and hold their own beliefs.

Congregationalists refer to themselves as visible saints. This is a reminder that God reveals himself to everybody, not a chosen few. It is also a reminder that 'The Lord has yet more light and truth to break forth from his holy word". While the primacy of the Bible is acknowledged it is also believed that we continue to gain new insights into its meaning.

People gather together in voluntary communities to seek God's way. Each community is a church in its own right: "Where two or three are gathered together in my name there I am in the midst of them", and a part of the one universal Christian church. People refer to the church "being gathered" and make a covenant with each other and God.

Congregationalists get their name because the congregation is the supreme decision-making body under God. A congregation makes all decisions affecting the church, choses the pastor and ordains ministers. The members baptise, officiate at communion, share the responsibility for pastoral care and perform all functions associated with a church. This is one reason Congregationalists refer to themselves as “the priesthood of all believers".

Congregational churches join together, not in a hierarchy, not primarily in rules, but a fellowship of love. They receive stimulation from a free exchange of ideas with each other and by listening to the opinions, beliefs and knowledge of other denominations.

Certain practices symbolise our heritage and beliefs.

A Bible remains open on the communion table, showing that God's word is available freely to everybody, given by nobody.

The minister, pastor, or worship leader always prays before the service with a lay person, a reminder of the partnership that exists within the church community.

All people are welcome at holy communion: the decision to participate is based on individual free choice. As all people are equal in the sight of God, the officiant takes communion at the same time as the congregation. The bread is taken individually as a symbol of each person's unique individuality; the wine drunk together as a symbol of unity.

The buildings are plain, designed in the style of a meeting house, without ornamentation that may distract worshippers from the contemplation of God.